Personally I would not be using super glue because, I suspect, it would bond too tenaciously to the paint. . Personally if you really want the badge and it is nothing special, then I suspect that a new badge would be a better option.
supposedly 3M make a an Emblem Glue but never seen it and it would not be east getting any glue behind a partially fixed badge and also cleaning the area to be glued.
The main concern that you are going to have to ensure a good bond, is to have good prep work.
Make sure that the area that is to be bonded on both surfaces are clean and free of dirt and debris. I always swab the area and where I need to put the emblem back on to, with a little isopropl alcohol after I clean it to dry the suface, and take away any remaining grime.
Put a uniform coat of the adhesive on the emblem, stick it in place, and hold it there for about a minute. You can tell if it is sticking, by letting up a little on the tension, and seeing if it will stick, or if it is trying to release.
After you get it to stick, I would not drive the car for 30 minutes or so, to allow the bond to have a good start on setting.
Most cure to 100% in about 24 hours.
You will have about five minutes to wipe off the excess adhesive that flows out as you compress the emblem to the vehicle. I use a damp cloth. It works just fine.
Blew mine off with the pressure washer once but I just dried it and stuck it back on and it's stayed there ever since. I always check now especially if I use the local hand wash because their pressure washers are quite powerfull.