Yes, the colleague of the rights, it is possible to throw a wire (+) directly on involving relay of a starter and to try to start the motor, and also it is obligatory to check up, whether there is a electroCurrent from the lock of ignition on the plug of the involving relay, apply a tester or a lamp from blinker oder stop-signal 10W oder 20W, If there is no near at hand a free (lamp).
I had a similar situation, too, a key against the stop, and in the answer knock in a starter, some attempts have not brought success. I have removed a starter, have disassembled it, have smoothed out all contacts and have greased all iron details (I have detected on a shaft of a starter traces of corrosion), have collected all back and the engine was got after that without problems
, the accumulator at the moment of breakdown has been completely charged on 100 %, since then the problem did not arise
P.S. Before establishing a starter on the engine, I have checked up it and have started directly from the accumulator-it worked as an evilanimal, both the drive worked, and the relay too